Last September's demonstration in Portugal Over a million people demonstrated across Portugal yesterday against so-called austerity Carrying banners saying 'Screw the Troika!', protesters poured onto the streets of over 40 cities round the country. The demonstrations co-incided with a visit by the International Monetary Fund and the European Union, which have enforced massive cuts in Portugal - leading to 40% youth unemployment as well as devastating cuts to education, health and other public services. In education the government is proposing to increase teaching hours from 35 to 40 a week, which could lead to the sacking of 35,000 teachers. It is also increasing fees in higher education, introducing fees into secondary education and strengthening private education. Last year massive demonstrations in the capital, Lisbon, stemmed a measure which was due to increase social security contributions from 11% to 18%.