A primary Classroom in Malawi Teachers in the Lilongwe district of Malawi are expected to work double shift for no extra pay The double shift system was introduced in 2010, because the schools were too small to take all the children and some were having to sit outside. To begin with the teachers were paid for working two shifts. Since July 2010 however the teachers have not received their double shift allowance. Now the teachers are striking for the money which is owed to them. Last month rural teachers in Malawi were on strike because the government had failed to pay them their hardship allowance, which they were promised for working in schools which often have no water or electricity. The double shift system was promoted by the World Bank,  which imposed a Structural Adjustment programme on Malawi. As well as strangling plans to introduce new learner centred and critical forms of teaching at birth, in telling the government how it should cut public spending it advised in 2003: ‘the physical capacity of existing classrooms and other teaching facilities can be substantially and immediately expanded by increasing the number of schools on double shift and by increasing class size from the current average of 33.5 to 40 learners.’