Anyone who wants to understand how the brother organisation of the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund, systematically sets about destroying public education in the global South should read this article: 

Mozambique has the least qualified teachers in a World Bank survey of seven African countries, reported at a press conference in Maputo 2 April 2015. This reflects the success of the IMF's campaign over more than a decade to curb education spending in Mozambique.  But the new five year plan, just approved by parliament, rejects the IMF cap. It sets a target for recruiting 42,500 new teachers in the next five years. This will reduce the number of pupils per teacher in primary schools from 62 in 2014 to 57 in 2019.

The lack of qualification of Mozambican  teachers is a direct result of constant IMF demands to keep down the public sector wage bill (of which the largest part is teacher wages). In 2007 the government was forced to reduce teacher training from three years to just one year. Primary teachers need only have completed the tenth class  and one year of training, which means they have not even completed the equivalent of secondary school. The reason for this was that if they had three years of training, and thus the equivalent of more than secondary school, they would have to be paid more, so training was cut to keep down the wage bill.

The Pedagogic University in Mozambique has an excellent teacher training programme. In 2012, the Ministry of Education admitted that for more than two years students who graduated with good qualifications from the Pedagogic University had not been hired because university graduates are paid more than those without degrees, so the Ministry hired those without degrees. This is still the case, with many good Pedagogic University graduates unable to get jobs, while the Ministry hires less expensive, unqualified teachers. Thus the World Bank survey shows the success of IMF policy - to meet IMF targets, the best trained teachers did not get jobs, so education quality is low. This also reflects an on-going argument between the Bank and Fund in Mozambique, with the Bank pushing for higher spending in education (reversing its policy of two decades ago) but the Fund sticking to its policy of curbing education spending.

This article is a TS edited version of a report taken from . Editor: Joseph Hanlon