Previous Teachers' Protest in Manipur Yet another group of teachers in India has been forced to threaten action in an effort to secure their unpaid salaries Newly appointed primary teachers in the Indian state of Manipur have not received any pay for seven months, while older teachers have not been paid for four months according to reports. The convenor of their union said that the failure to pay salaries to the teachers makes it virtually impossible for them to carry out their duties and amounts to the denial of the 'right to life.' Meanwhile over two thousand primary teachers in the state, taken on by the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan programme (SSA or Education for All) have still not been given proper contracts - three months after their appointments. This is typical of the way teachers in the Global South are treated. To make matters worse, they are villified by bodies like the World Bank who repeatedly accuse teachers of failing to turn up for work. In fact, the vast majority of teachers in India do work and under incredibly difficult circumstance for very low pay ($100 a month is typical with contract teachers only getting a fraction of that amount), often in shocking conditions and with oversized classes. It is only surprising that teachers who have not been paid for seven months turn up for work at all - since it is clearly impossible to survive on nothing. This 'discourse of derision' aimed at teachers is something which we recognise too in the North. It is a well thought out policy by neo-liberal ideologues to villify public school teachers and public education and serves to promote private schooling. It is always unjust but for teachers in India - some of whom are being asked to survive on nothing at all - it is downright brutal.