The author argues that education needs to be located within a larger understanding of state and class, if radical changes like the Common School System, doing away with privatization, equal educational opportunities of good quality for all etc. are to be achieved. A critical pedagogy that locates education within the context of larger politico-economic analyses can serve as a tool of effective analyses of the concrete situation. It is axiomatic for the ongoing development of critical pedagogy that it be based upon an alternative vision of human sociality, one that operates outside the social universe of capital, a vision that goes beyond the market, but also one that goes beyond the state. It must reject the false opposition between the market and the state. The author argues that the goal of equal schooling, which is being denied by the system based on aggressive expansion of profit seeking capital, cannot be understood, unless we understand the character of the system and direct our resistance based on it.